HIEL – Historical Index of Economic Liberty

HIEL – Historical Index of Economic Liberty2017-08-24T13:17:03+00:00

HIEL Dimensions (Comparative by Countries)
Comparative by Countries
Property Rights
Value of money
Int. Trade
Regulation
HIEL

HIEL - Historical Index of Economic Liberty

To be considered in reading data:
During World Wars and their aftermath data are scarcer and less reliable. Thus, economic liberty indices are more reliable for the periods 1850-1914, 1925-1939, and 1950-2007.

In the graphic representation of the estimates five-year averages centred in the last year are used (that is, the value of the index for 1854 corresponds to the average of the values over 1850-1854). Its purpose is to mitigate the volatility of the annual indices of economic liberty, largely a result of using outcome measures (de facto), rather than institutional settings (de iure), in its construction.


Comparative by Countries (Annual indices)

YearAustraliaNew ZealandCanadaUSAJapanAustriaBelgiumDenmarkFinlandFranceGermanyGreeceIrelandItalyNetherlandsNorwayPortugalSpainSwedenSwitzerlandUK
1850 8.2 0.0 0.0 8.0 0.0 0.0 7.3 0.0 0.0 7.3 0.0 7.4 0.0 0.0 8.2 6.5 5.1 6.0 7.2 6.7 8.5
1851 6.0 0.0 0.0 8.0 0.0 0.0 8.0 7.1 0.0 6.3 5.5 7.0 0.0 0.0 8.1 6.8 6.2 6.9 7.3 6.5 8.6
1852 4.8 0.0 0.0 8.0 0.0 0.0 7.9 7.2 0.0 6.0 5.7 6.0 0.0 0.0 7.7 6.9 6.3 6.4 7.2 6.3 8.5
1853 5.3 0.0 0.0 8.0 0.0 0.0 8.2 6.7 0.0 5.8 5.7 6.4 0.0 0.0 7.5 6.9 5.7 6.1 7.2 6.1 8.3
1854 6.8 0.0 0.0 7.7 0.0 0.0 7.4 6.8 0.0 5.9 5.6 7.0 0.0 0.0 7.6 6.7 5.9 6.2 6.8 7.0 8.0
1855 7.8 0.0 0.0 7.9 0.0 0.0 8.1 7.5 0.0 6.2 6.9 6.7 0.0 0.0 7.9 7.0 6.5 6.4 6.7 7.9 8.3
1856 7.6 0.0 0.0 8.1 0.0 0.0 8.6 7.5 0.0 7.0 7.6 6.7 0.0 0.0 8.3 7.0 6.1 6.4 7.0 8.2 8.8
1857 8.4 0.0 0.0 8.2 0.0 0.0 8.5 7.5 0.0 7.1 7.1 6.7 0.0 0.0 8.6 7.1 6.1 6.7 7.5 8.3 8.8
1858 8.1 8.8 0.0 8.0 0.0 0.0 8.6 7.3 0.0 6.8 7.1 6.8 0.0 0.0 8.3 6.1 6.4 6.7 7.2 7.6 8.7
1859 8.1 8.2 0.0 8.2 0.0 0.0 8.6 7.6 0.0 6.8 7.6 6.9 0.0 0.0 8.4 7.3 6.5 6.7 7.5 7.9 8.8
1860 8.5 8.6 0.0 8.2 0.0 0.0 8.5 7.7 0.0 6.6 6.9 7.2 0.0 0.0 8.2 7.3 6.6 6.4 7.2 6.9 9.0
1861 8.4 8.1 8.4 7.9 0.0 0.0 8.3 7.7 0.0 6.8 6.7 7.1 0.0 0.0 7.9 7.5 6.6 6.6 7.5 8.2 8.9
1862 8.6 8.6 8.7 6.4 0.0 0.0 8.6 7.8 5.6 7.0 7.6 6.8 0.0 7.1 8.1 7.2 6.6 6.6 7.6 8.4 8.9
1863 8.8 8.8 8.8 5.3 0.0 7.1 8.5 7.9 5.6 7.6 7.5 7.0 0.0 7.0 8.3 7.3 6.9 6.6 7.5 8.4 9.1
1864 8.9 8.8 8.3 5.3 0.0 7.8 8.4 7.8 5.3 7.5 7.7 8.1 0.0 7.1 8.7 7.1 7.0 6.7 7.3 8.2 9.1
1865 8.8 8.9 8.7 6.3 0.0 7.4 8.2 7.8 4.9 7.2 7.8 8.1 0.0 7.1 8.5 7.4 6.8 6.6 7.7 8.1 9.1
1866 9.0 8.8 8.5 7.1 0.0 7.6 8.5 7.4 6.0 7.3 7.1 8.1 0.0 7.1 8.7 7.7 6.9 6.8 7.6 8.6 8.8
1867 8.6 8.8 8.7 7.3 0.0 7.6 8.6 7.4 6.8 7.1 6.7 8.2 0.0 7.0 8.4 7.8 6.8 6.6 7.6 8.5 8.7
1868 8.9 8.8 8.8 7.4 0.0 7.5 8.6 7.4 7.0 7.4 7.4 8.0 0.0 7.0 8.4 7.7 6.9 7.0 8.0 8.6 9.0
1869 8.7 8.7 8.2 7.7 0.0 7.6 8.7 7.3 6.8 7.8 7.6 7.9 0.0 7.1 8.4 7.3 7.0 6.8 7.8 8.6 9.0
1870 8.7 8.5 8.2 7.5 0.0 7.7 8.7 7.3 6.8 6.7 7.8 7.9 0.0 7.2 8.5 6.9 6.7 6.2 7.3 8.2 8.3
1871 8.5 8.5 8.2 7.8 0.0 7.7 8.7 7.5 6.5 6.7 7.4 8.0 0.0 7.0 8.0 7.7 7.1 7.8 8.0 7.6 9.1
1872 8.4 8.8 8.1 8.1 0.0 7.7 8.3 7.6 6.3 6.9 7.3 7.9 0.0 6.7 7.6 7.6 6.7 7.7 7.8 7.5 9.0
1873 8.6 8.8 8.6 8.2 0.0 7.7 8.4 7.7 6.4 7.3 7.5 7.9 0.0 6.8 8.0 8.0 6.3 6.3 8.0 8.6 9.1
1874 9.0 8.9 8.7 8.0 0.0 7.9 8.6 7.8 6.4 7.5 7.9 8.1 0.0 7.2 8.4 8.2 6.4 7.0 8.3 8.6 9.2
1875 9.1 8.7 8.8 8.3 7.5 7.8 8.6 8.0 6.6 7.6 8.1 7.9 0.0 6.8 8.6 8.6 7.1 7.0 8.6 8.7 9.2
1876 9.1 8.7 8.7 8.3 7.3 7.7 8.5 8.0 7.0 7.9 8.2 7.8 0.0 7.1 8.6 8.5 6.7 7.9 8.6 8.7 9.1
1877 9.1 8.9 8.8 8.4 7.3 7.8 8.6 8.1 7.3 8.3 8.2 7.8 0.0 7.1 8.6 8.6 6.5 7.9 8.5 8.9 9.2
1878 9.1 9.1 8.9 8.3 7.4 7.7 8.8 8.0 7.1 8.7 8.1 7.6 0.0 7.2 8.7 7.6 6.8 7.7 8.3 9.0 9.2
1879 9.1 8.9 8.7 8.3 7.4 7.9 8.9 8.0 7.0 8.7 8.1 7.5 0.0 7.3 8.7 7.7 6.8 7.7 8.3 9.1 8.9
1880 9.1 8.9 8.5 8.4 7.5 8.0 9.1 8.0 6.9 8.9 8.2 7.3 0.0 7.2 8.8 8.5 7.2 7.9 8.5 9.1 9.0
1881 8.9 8.9 8.4 8.4 7.6 7.9 9.2 8.2 6.9 9.0 8.2 7.7 0.0 7.1 8.6 8.6 7.2 7.8 8.5 9.1 9.1
1882 8.8 9.1 8.4 8.5 7.8 7.9 9.2 8.2 7.3 8.9 8.3 7.6 0.0 7.4 8.7 8.7 7.2 7.9 8.7 9.2 9.1
1883 9.0 9.0 8.6 8.4 8.0 8.0 9.1 8.3 7.3 8.9 8.3 7.9 0.0 7.4 8.6 8.5 6.9 8.0 8.7 9.1 9.1
1884 9.1 9.1 8.4 8.5 7.9 7.9 9.0 8.2 7.3 8.8 8.3 8.2 0.0 7.8 8.7 9.0 6.8 7.9 8.7 8.9 9.2
1885 9.2 9.0 8.4 8.4 8.2 8.0 9.1 8.3 7.2 8.8 8.3 7.5 0.0 7.7 8.5 8.7 6.8 7.9 8.7 8.9 9.2
1886 9.0 9.0 8.4 8.5 8.2 7.9 9.0 8.1 7.1 8.9 8.2 7.5 0.0 7.8 8.6 9.0 6.9 7.9 8.6 9.0 9.3
1887 9.1 8.9 8.4 8.5 8.2 8.0 9.0 8.1 7.1 8.9 8.3 8.2 0.0 7.7 8.7 8.9 6.9 7.8 8.6 9.1 9.3
1888 9.0 8.9 8.4 8.5 8.3 7.8 9.0 8.2 7.2 8.9 8.2 7.8 0.0 7.5 8.6 9.1 7.0 8.0 8.5 8.8 9.3
1889 9.0 8.9 8.7 8.5 8.0 8.0 9.1 8.2 7.1 8.9 8.1 8.4 0.0 7.6 8.8 9.0 6.7 7.9 8.5 8.7 9.3
1890 9.2 8.9 8.7 8.6 8.0 8.0 9.0 8.1 7.1 8.8 8.3 7.5 0.0 7.5 8.9 9.1 6.8 8.0 8.6 8.6 9.3
1891 8.9 9.0 9.0 8.6 8.2 8.0 9.3 8.3 7.1 8.9 8.5 7.0 0.0 7.5 9.0 9.2 6.4 7.6 8.6 8.9 9.3
1892 8.9 8.9 8.9 8.7 8.3 7.4 9.1 8.4 7.4 8.8 8.4 7.5 0.0 7.3 8.8 9.1 6.8 7.7 8.7 9.1 9.2
1893 8.7 9.0 8.9 8.7 8.2 7.8 9.1 8.4 7.5 8.8 8.5 7.5 0.0 7.2 8.8 8.7 6.8 7.7 8.7 9.1 9.2
1894 8.7 9.1 8.7 8.7 8.2 8.2 9.2 8.4 7.4 8.8 8.5 7.7 0.0 7.4 9.0 9.1 6.9 8.0 8.7 9.1 9.2
1895 8.9 9.0 8.7 8.7 8.1 8.3 9.2 8.4 7.6 8.8 8.5 8.0 0.0 7.4 8.9 9.1 6.9 7.7 8.8 9.2 9.2
1896 8.6 8.9 8.7 8.8 8.0 8.5 9.2 8.3 7.6 8.8 8.5 8.0 0.0 7.3 9.0 9.1 6.9 7.6 8.6 9.2 9.3
1897 8.6 8.9 8.6 8.6 8.1 8.6 9.2 8.3 7.6 8.8 8.4 7.4 0.0 7.5 9.0 9.1 6.7 7.8 8.6 9.2 9.2
1898 8.7 9.0 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.5 9.1 8.2 7.3 8.9 8.5 8.0 0.0 7.6 9.0 8.9 6.8 7.4 8.5 9.2 9.3
1899 8.9 9.0 8.7 8.6 8.6 8.6 8.9 8.2 7.6 8.9 8.5 7.9 0.0 7.6 9.0 9.0 6.9 7.6 8.5 9.3 9.3
1900 8.8 9.0 8.8 8.6 8.7 8.4 8.8 8.2 8.0 8.9 8.5 7.3 0.0 8.2 9.0 9.1 7.2 7.9 8.6 9.3 8.9
1901 8.8 8.9 8.7 8.5 8.5 8.3 9.0 7.8 8.0 8.8 8.5 7.9 0.0 8.2 8.9 8.9 7.3 7.9 8.7 9.3 9.0
1902 8.8 8.9 8.8 8.5 8.9 8.3 9.2 7.9 8.0 8.9 8.5 7.3 0.0 8.4 9.0 8.9 7.3 7.8 8.7 9.3 9.1
1903 8.9 8.9 8.8 8.5 8.8 8.2 9.3 8.0 8.1 8.8 8.6 7.7 0.0 8.4 9.1 9.1 7.1 8.0 8.8 9.3 9.2
1904 8.9 9.1 8.9 8.6 8.8 8.1 9.0 8.0 8.1 8.9 8.6 7.6 0.0 8.4 9.0 8.9 7.1 8.2 8.8 9.3 9.1
1905 8.8 9.0 8.9 8.7 8.9 8.0 9.3 8.2 7.9 8.9 8.4 7.9 0.0 8.3 9.1 9.1 7.2 8.1 8.7 9.3 9.3
1906 8.9 9.0 8.9 8.6 8.8 8.2 8.8 8.2 7.9 8.9 8.4 7.7 0.0 8.3 9.1 9.1 7.2 7.8 8.7 9.3 9.4
1907 8.9 9.1 8.5 8.6 8.9 8.2 9.0 8.3 8.0 8.8 8.6 7.9 0.0 8.3 9.1 9.1 6.4 8.2 7.9 9.1 9.4
1908 9.0 9.1 8.8 8.6 9.0 8.2 9.2 8.4 8.1 8.8 8.5 7.9 0.0 8.4 9.0 9.0 7.5 8.2 7.9 9.1 9.2
1909 9.0 9.1 8.8 8.7 9.1 8.1 9.2 8.4 7.9 8.9 8.6 8.1 0.0 8.5 9.0 8.9 7.8 8.1 7.9 9.2 9.2
1910 8.9 9.1 8.8 8.7 9.0 8.1 9.1 8.4 8.0 8.7 8.7 8.8 0.0 8.5 9.1 8.9 6.9 8.1 8.0 9.2 9.4
1911 8.7 9.1 8.8 8.7 8.8 8.1 8.9 8.7 8.1 8.5 8.8 8.8 0.0 8.3 9.1 8.9 7.7 8.2 8.1 9.2 9.3
1912 8.8 9.0 8.7 8.8 8.8 8.2 9.0 8.7 8.1 8.8 8.9 8.7 0.0 8.4 9.1 8.7 7.6 8.2 8.3 9.3 9.3
1913 8.8 9.1 8.8 8.8 9.0 8.4 9.0 8.9 8.3 9.0 8.9 8.7 0.0 8.5 9.1 8.7 7.9 8.2 8.6 9.4 9.3
1914 8.5 9.1 8.9 8.9 9.0 6.8 6.8 8.6 7.7 8.0 7.9 8.4 0.0 7.7 8.8 8.7 7.7 8.0 8.4 9.1 8.1
1915 7.3 7.9 7.6 8.0 7.9 1.4 2.1 7.0 5.5 5.8 3.8 5.2 0.0 5.4 6.6 6.9 6.3 6.8 6.9 7.1 6.2
1916 7.6 7.8 6.9 7.5 7.7 1.0 1.8 6.9 4.4 5.2 2.8 4.7 0.0 4.4 6.3 6.6 5.9 6.8 6.4 6.4 5.6
1917 7.3 7.3 6.3 6.5 6.5 0.8 1.8 6.9 4.1 4.7 2.2 4.5 0.0 3.8 6.3 6.6 5.3 6.2 6.1 5.7 5.2
1918 7.0 7.2 6.3 5.9 5.8 0.9 3.8 6.8 3.4 4.1 2.3 3.4 0.0 3.7 6.1 6.2 4.1 6.2 5.4 5.6 5.4
1919 7.1 7.5 6.7 6.7 6.5 1.7 4.8 6.6 4.4 5.0 2.8 3.9 0.0 4.8 6.2 7.4 5.4 6.6 7.1 6.9 6.8
1920 7.1 7.6 7.7 8.0 7.6 2.9 7.6 7.4 6.9 5.7 1.3 7.1 0.0 5.5 7.6 7.4 4.4 7.2 8.0 7.9 7.9
1921 8.0 8.3 7.8 8.3 7.9 2.8 8.0 8.1 6.3 7.1 2.2 5.1 0.0 5.5 7.7 7.5 4.6 7.2 7.5 7.7 7.9
1922 7.9 8.1 8.1 8.5 8.1 3.5 8.2 7.9 6.8 7.4 1.1 4.2 0.0 5.5 7.8 7.1 4.8 7.3 7.6 7.5 7.9
1923 8.0 8.2 8.7 8.5 8.6 6.1 7.1 7.9 7.1 6.9 1.4 3.3 9.1 6.3 8.0 7.7 4.5 6.4 8.6 8.3 8.1
1924 8.0 8.2 8.6 8.4 8.6 8.0 7.1 8.0 7.8 7.0 3.8 4.4 8.1 6.4 7.9 8.1 5.0 6.3 8.5 8.6 8.7
1925 8.4 8.6 8.6 8.5 8.6 7.8 7.9 7.9 8.0 7.2 6.9 5.6 8.4 6.7 8.4 8.4 6.8 6.6 8.4 8.7 8.7
1926 8.4 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.7 8.0 7.5 8.1 8.3 6.9 6.9 6.9 8.5 6.9 8.5 7.7 6.1 6.5 8.5 8.7 8.7
1927 8.5 8.7 8.8 8.7 8.8 8.2 7.7 8.5 8.4 7.3 7.3 7.4 8.3 7.3 8.7 8.1 6.4 6.7 8.7 8.9 8.8
1928 8.5 8.8 8.9 8.8 8.6 8.1 7.8 8.4 8.4 8.0 7.6 8.3 8.6 7.3 8.7 8.5 6.8 6.7 8.9 8.9 8.9
1929 8.5 8.8 8.9 8.8 8.6 8.4 8.0 8.7 8.5 8.0 8.3 8.4 8.7 7.3 8.7 8.8 6.9 6.7 8.9 8.9 8.9
1930 8.3 8.8 8.8 8.6 8.7 8.3 8.3 8.7 7.5 7.9 8.2 8.2 8.4 7.3 8.7 8.8 6.5 7.3 8.8 8.7 8.7
1931 7.8 8.2 8.4 8.2 8.5 7.2 8.1 8.4 7.9 8.0 7.6 8.3 8.5 7.0 8.5 8.6 6.4 7.8 8.8 8.5 8.6
1932 7.6 8.0 7.9 7.9 8.5 7.5 8.1 8.2 7.9 7.9 7.0 7.7 8.0 6.8 8.4 8.5 6.5 7.8 8.5 8.3 8.1
1933 7.8 8.2 8.1 7.4 8.1 6.5 8.4 8.2 7.5 7.7 6.2 8.2 8.1 6.7 8.4 8.6 6.7 7.7 8.4 8.2 8.1
1934 7.8 8.0 8.2 8.0 8.2 6.5 8.1 8.1 7.5 7.6 6.2 8.0 8.2 6.8 8.4 8.6 6.7 7.7 8.5 8.2 8.1
1935 7.9 8.1 8.2 8.1 8.3 6.4 7.4 8.0 7.6 7.5 5.9 8.4 7.9 6.5 8.4 8.5 6.7 7.7 8.4 8.1 8.0
1936 7.9 8.0 8.2 8.0 8.1 6.4 7.7 8.2 7.7 7.2 5.9 7.1 7.9 6.0 8.5 8.4 6.6 4.2 8.5 8.2 8.0
1937 7.9 8.0 8.3 8.2 7.8 6.7 7.6 8.3 7.1 6.3 6.1 6.9 7.8 5.7 8.3 8.2 6.7 1.2 8.5 8.1 8.0
1938 8.1 8.0 8.3 8.3 7.6 5.8 7.8 8.3 7.2 6.2 5.9 7.1 7.8 5.7 8.2 8.1 6.7 0.7 8.4 8.0 7.9
1939 7.9 7.8 8.2 8.2 7.3 5.8 6.8 7.9 6.5 6.2 5.8 6.9 7.3 5.4 7.9 8.0 6.7 0.6 8.1 7.7 7.4
1940 7.6 7.5 7.4 8.1 6.5 4.3 3.4 5.5 5.2 4.1 5.8 4.0 6.4 4.4 5.1 5.3 6.3 3.2 6.6 7.1 6.2
1941 7.4 7.2 7.4 7.8 6.2 4.3 2.6 5.3 4.8 4.1 6.0 2.5 6.1 4.1 4.8 5.2 5.4 3.0 6.3 7.0 5.6
1942 7.3 7.1 6.7 7.1 6.1 4.3 2.4 5.9 5.4 4.0 6.2 1.1 6.3 3.5 4.0 5.5 4.9 3.2 6.8 7.2 5.7
1943 7.1 7.8 6.8 6.7 6.2 4.4 3.0 6.1 6.0 3.3 6.3 0.9 6.1 1.5 4.4 5.7 5.2 3.7 7.1 7.5 6.1
1944 7.2 7.7 6.9 6.9 5.4 4.2 4.5 6.2 5.6 3.4 5.1 0.6 6.8 0.7 4.0 5.7 5.4 4.4 7.3 7.5 6.2
1945 7.3 7.1 7.0 6.9 2.4 2.7 4.3 7.4 5.2 3.1 4.5 0.0 7.2 0.9 5.6 7.3 5.4 4.7 7.3 7.8 5.9
1946 7.0 7.0 7.8 7.2 2.1 2.8 6.4 7.7 4.4 4.3 4.6 0.0 7.3 2.2 6.7 7.4 5.4 4.4 7.8 8.2 5.6
1947 7.0 7.6 7.6 7.6 3.4 2.0 6.4 7.6 5.2 4.3 4.3 1.4 7.2 3.3 7.2 7.4 6.1 4.5 7.7 8.1 5.8
1948 7.3 7.4 7.5 8.2 3.5 2.6 6.8 7.6 6.0 4.5 5.3 3.3 7.5 5.5 7.3 7.6 6.3 5.2 7.7 8.2 6.7
1949 7.2 7.4 7.7 8.3 4.3 3.5 7.3 7.8 6.3 5.2 7.2 3.1 7.5 6.7 7.3 7.8 6.4 5.6 7.8 8.3 7.2
1950 7.5 8.1 8.2 9.2 5.2 5.2 8.1 7.6 6.3 6.7 7.6 5.1 8.2 6.5 7.0 7.3 6.6 4.9 8.0 8.9 7.7
1951 7.3 8.0 8.1 9.2 5.3 5.4 7.7 7.5 6.3 6.6 7.5 5.5 8.0 6.6 7.2 7.1 6.8 5.2 7.5 8.8 7.8
1952 7.6 8.0 9.0 9.3 6.6 6.8 7.9 8.0 6.7 6.7 7.8 6.2 7.9 7.4 7.8 7.5 6.8 5.4 8.0 8.9 7.8
1953 7.8 7.9 9.2 9.4 7.3 7.4 8.3 8.3 6.8 7.5 8.2 6.9 8.1 7.7 7.9 7.7 6.8 5.7 8.2 9.0 8.1
1954 8.1 8.1 9.2 9.4 7.2 7.6 8.1 8.3 6.9 7.9 8.6 6.9 8.3 7.7 8.0 7.6 6.8 5.7 8.3 9.0 8.2
1955 8.3 8.4 9.1 9.4 7.3 7.8 8.3 8.2 6.9 7.8 8.5 6.8 8.4 7.8 8.2 7.8 6.8 5.7 8.3 9.0 8.2
1956 8.3 8.4 9.2 9.5 8.0 7.9 8.4 8.3 7.0 7.6 8.8 6.9 8.3 7.9 8.3 7.9 6.8 5.6 8.5 9.1 8.2
1957 8.5 8.4 9.2 9.4 7.8 8.1 8.3 8.4 7.1 7.6 9.1 7.0 8.3 8.0 8.2 8.0 6.8 5.5 8.5 9.1 8.1
1958 8.5 8.2 9.1 9.4 8.0 8.2 8.3 8.5 7.5 6.7 9.1 7.0 8.5 8.0 8.3 8.0 6.8 5.4 8.8 9.1 8.1
1959 8.7 8.3 9.3 9.4 8.1 8.3 8.3 8.5 7.8 7.1 9.2 7.1 8.7 8.1 8.4 8.0 6.8 5.9 8.9 9.1 8.3
1960 8.6 8.4 9.3 9.5 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.5 8.1 7.2 9.3 7.2 8.7 8.2 8.5 8.0 6.9 6.1 9.0 9.1 8.3
1961 8.7 8.4 9.2 9.5 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.1 7.2 9.2 7.2 8.6 8.1 8.5 8.0 6.9 6.2 9.1 9.0 8.3
1962 8.7 8.5 9.2 9.5 8.0 8.5 8.4 8.4 8.1 7.2 9.2 7.3 8.5 8.0 8.5 8.0 6.9 6.1 9.0 9.0 8.2
1963 8.8 8.5 9.2 9.5 8.0 8.6 8.4 8.5 8.1 7.3 9.2 7.3 8.5 8.0 8.5 8.1 6.9 6.2 9.0 9.0 8.2
1964 8.7 8.4 9.3 9.5 8.2 8.6 8.3 8.6 8.1 7.5 9.3 7.3 8.5 8.0 8.3 8.0 7.0 6.2 9.1 8.8 8.2
1965 8.7 8.4 9.3 9.5 8.1 8.6 8.1 8.5 8.2 7.3 9.1 7.2 8.3 8.1 8.3 8.1 6.7 6.1 8.9 8.8 8.1
1966 8.7 8.3 9.1 9.4 8.2 8.7 8.1 8.3 8.2 7.5 9.1 7.2 8.4 8.2 8.2 8.1 6.7 6.2 8.9 9.0 8.1
1967 8.7 8.1 9.1 9.3 8.3 8.6 8.1 8.3 8.3 7.5 9.1 5.9 8.5 8.3 8.3 8.1 6.7 6.3 8.9 9.0 8.1
1968 8.8 8.2 9.2 9.4 8.4 8.7 8.2 8.4 8.1 7.4 9.1 6.1 8.5 8.2 8.4 8.1 6.7 6.4 9.0 9.1 8.2
1969 8.7 8.2 9.3 9.4 8.4 8.6 8.1 8.5 8.3 7.8 9.1 6.1 8.4 8.2 8.4 8.1 6.7 6.5 8.9 9.1 8.2
1970 8.6 8.2 9.2 9.3 8.3 8.8 8.2 8.6 8.4 8.1 9.1 6.1 8.3 8.0 8.5 7.7 6.9 6.5 8.8 9.1 8.2
1971 8.6 8.3 9.2 9.3 8.3 8.7 8.1 8.6 8.3 8.1 8.9 6.1 8.3 8.0 8.4 7.8 6.9 6.3 8.8 8.9 8.0
1972 8.3 8.2 9.2 9.3 8.3 8.5 8.0 8.5 8.1 8.1 8.8 6.0 8.3 7.8 8.4 7.8 6.9 6.4 8.8 8.8 8.1
1973 8.2 8.1 9.0 9.4 8.1 8.4 7.9 8.5 8.2 8.0 8.7 5.7 8.3 7.6 8.6 7.8 6.1 6.2 8.2 8.8 8.2
1974 8.0 8.2 8.8 9.3 7.8 8.5 7.8 8.4 8.0 7.9 8.7 5.3 8.0 7.4 8.5 7.7 5.8 6.1 8.2 8.7 8.0
1975 7.9 8.1 8.8 9.1 7.9 8.5 7.7 8.2 8.0 7.7 8.5 6.4 7.8 7.2 8.3 7.8 5.5 6.1 8.1 8.8 7.6
1976 7.9 8.0 8.9 9.2 8.1 8.5 7.8 8.4 8.2 7.9 8.6 6.6 8.1 7.3 8.5 7.9 6.4 6.2 8.1 8.9 7.8
1977 8.1 8.1 8.9 9.3 8.2 8.8 8.0 8.3 8.3 7.9 8.7 6.7 8.2 7.6 8.6 7.8 6.4 6.2 8.0 9.0 7.9
1978 8.3 8.1 8.9 9.3 8.2 8.8 8.0 8.3 8.4 7.8 8.6 7.1 8.3 7.6 8.6 7.9 6.9 7.1 8.0 8.9 8.1
1979 8.3 8.1 9.1 9.3 8.5 8.8 8.0 8.3 8.5 7.7 8.6 7.1 8.3 7.6 8.7 8.2 7.0 7.4 8.0 9.0 8.7
1980 8.3 8.3 9.1 9.2 8.6 8.7 8.1 8.4 8.5 7.7 8.7 6.8 8.1 7.5 8.6 8.1 6.9 7.4 7.8 9.0 8.7
1981 8.5 8.2 9.0 9.4 8.7 8.7 7.9 8.2 8.5 7.7 8.8 6.7 8.2 7.4 8.6 8.1 6.9 7.4 7.8 9.0 8.7
1982 8.4 8.4 8.9 9.4 8.8 8.7 7.9 8.2 8.4 7.6 8.8 6.7 8.2 7.6 8.5 8.2 7.1 7.5 7.9 9.1 8.8
1983 8.5 8.4 8.9 9.4 8.8 8.7 7.9 8.2 8.5 7.7 8.8 6.8 8.4 7.7 8.7 8.2 6.9 7.6 7.9 9.2 8.9
1984 8.7 8.8 8.9 9.4 8.8 8.7 8.1 8.4 8.6 7.8 8.8 6.9 8.6 7.7 8.8 8.4 7.1 7.6 8.1 9.2 8.9
1985 8.7 8.8 8.9 9.4 8.9 8.7 8.2 8.5 8.6 7.9 8.9 6.8 8.6 7.8 8.8 8.4 7.4 7.8 8.2 9.3 9.0
1986 8.7 8.9 9.0 9.3 8.9 8.7 8.2 8.7 8.7 8.2 8.9 7.3 8.6 7.8 8.8 8.4 7.7 8.1 8.4 9.3 9.1
1987 8.8 8.8 9.0 9.4 8.9 8.7 8.3 8.6 8.6 8.3 8.9 7.7 8.7 7.9 8.8 8.3 7.6 8.2 8.5 9.3 9.0
1988 8.9 9.0 9.2 9.4 8.9 8.8 8.3 8.7 8.8 8.3 8.8 7.6 8.9 8.2 8.9 8.3 7.5 8.1 8.5 9.4 9.0
1989 8.8 9.1 9.3 9.4 8.9 9.0 8.3 8.9 8.8 8.4 8.9 7.6 8.8 8.2 8.9 8.4 7.7 8.1 8.6 9.5 9.0
1990 8.9 9.0 9.3 9.4 8.9 8.9 8.7 9.0 8.9 8.4 8.8 7.4 8.9 8.3 8.9 8.7 7.8 8.1 8.6 9.3 8.9
1991 8.9 9.0 9.2 9.4 8.9 8.9 8.7 8.9 8.5 8.6 8.7 7.6 8.9 8.3 8.9 8.8 8.1 8.2 8.5 9.3 8.9
1992 8.8 9.2 9.2 9.3 8.9 9.0 8.8 9.0 8.4 8.5 8.7 7.7 9.3 8.4 8.9 8.8 8.4 8.4 8.5 9.2 9.0
1993 8.8 9.3 9.2 9.3 8.9 8.8 8.7 9.0 8.4 8.5 8.7 7.7 9.3 8.5 8.9 8.8 8.4 8.4 8.6 9.2 9.1
1994 8.9 9.5 9.3 9.4 8.8 8.8 8.8 9.0 8.7 8.5 8.7 7.9 9.3 8.5 8.9 8.9 8.5 8.6 8.7 9.4 9.1
1995 9.0 9.5 9.3 9.4 8.7 8.7 8.8 9.3 8.7 8.5 8.6 7.9 9.2 8.5 8.7 9.0 8.5 8.6 8.8 9.3 9.1
1996 9.0 9.6 9.3 9.5 8.8 8.8 8.7 9.2 9.0 8.5 8.7 8.2 9.4 8.7 8.9 9.1 8.6 8.7 9.0 9.3 9.3
1997 9.1 9.5 9.4 9.6 8.8 8.9 9.0 9.3 9.1 8.5 8.9 8.3 9.3 8.8 8.8 9.1 8.6 8.7 9.0 9.2 9.4
1998 9.1 9.3 9.4 9.6 8.8 8.8 9.1 9.3 9.1 8.6 9.0 8.3 9.3 8.9 8.8 9.0 8.6 8.6 9.1 9.3 9.4
1999 9.1 9.5 9.5 9.5 8.7 8.8 8.8 9.3 9.1 8.7 9.0 8.3 9.2 8.8 9.0 9.1 8.4 8.8 9.1 9.3 9.4
2000 9.0 9.4 9.5 9.6 8.9 8.8 8.8 9.3 9.3 8.7 9.2 8.6 9.3 8.8 9.0 9.0 8.4 8.8 9.2 9.4 9.6
2001 8.9 9.1 9.4 9.5 8.9 8.8 8.8 9.3 9.4 8.7 9.1 8.2 9.2 8.9 9.0 9.0 8.5 8.8 9.1 9.4 9.4
2002 9.0 9.1 9.3 9.4 8.8 8.8 8.8 9.3 9.3 8.6 9.1 8.2 9.2 8.9 8.9 9.0 8.5 8.9 9.0 9.3 9.4
2003 9.1 9.1 9.4 9.4 8.7 9.0 8.8 9.3 9.3 8.5 9.0 8.3 9.3 8.9 9.0 9.0 8.5 8.9 9.0 9.3 9.3
2004 9.1 9.2 9.4 9.4 8.8 8.9 9.1 9.3 9.2 8.5 9.0 8.3 9.3 9.0 9.1 9.0 8.6 8.9 9.1 9.3 9.3
2005 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.4 8.9 8.9 9.0 9.3 9.1 8.5 9.0 8.3 9.3 9.0 9.1 9.1 8.6 8.8 9.1 9.3 9.3
2006 9.2 9.5 9.5 9.5 9.0 9.0 9.1 9.4 9.2 8.5 9.0 8.7 9.3 9.0 9.1 9.0 8.6 8.8 9.1 9.4 9.3
2007 9.2 9.4 9.5 9.5 9.1 9.0 9.1 9.3 9.2 8.5 9.1 8.7 9.2 9.1 9.2 9.1 8.7 8.9 9.1 9.4 9.3


HIEL Dimensions (Comparative by Countries)
Comparative by Countries
Property Rights
Value of money
Int. Trade
Regulation
HIEL
Historical Index of Economic Liberty

_BANNER_HIEL-H_400x255

Historical Index of Human Development

_BANNER_HIHD-H_400x255

Espacio Investiga Downloads

_BANNER_DESCARGAS-H_400x255

Espacio Investiga Home

_BANNER_HOME-H_400x255