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Demanda

Historical Index of Economic Liberty (HIEL)

Leandro Prados de la Escosura

Economic liberty is a ‘negative’ freedom, defined as lack of interference or coercion by others in an individual’s economic decisions. Personal choice, voluntary exchanges, access to markets, and protection of persons and their property from aggressions are its constitutive elements…

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Demanda

Historical Index of Human Development (HIHD)

Leandro Prados de la Escosura

Human wellbeing is widely viewed as a multidimensional phenomenon, in which income is only one facet. Human development, originally defined as a process of enlarging people’s choices, namely, enjoying a healthy life, acquiring knowledge and achieving a decent standard of living…

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Demanda

Spain’s Historical National Accounts (1850-2017)

Leandro Prados de la Escosura

This database offers a new set of historical national accounts that includes GDP estimates from the demand and supply sides and provides a statistical basis to investigate Spain’s economic performance during the last 168 years. Historical output and expenditure series have been reconstructed…

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