Economic liberty

Economic liberty is a ‘negative’ freedom, defined as lack of interference or coercion by others in an individual’s economic decisions. Personal choice, voluntary exchanges, access to markets, and protection of persons and their property from aggressions are its constitutive elements.

A country can be considered economically free in so far people and privately owned property are securely protected, contracts enforced, prices stable, barriers to trade small, and resources mainly allocated through the market. Assessing the consistency of a nation’s institutions and policies with these requisites is the purpose of any index of economic freedom.

Four main dimensions of economic freedom are distinguished: legal structure and security of property rights, value of money, freedom to trade internationally, and regulation. [Read more…]

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Leandro Prados de la Escosura

Imagen_LPE2Leandro Prados-de-la-Escosura (Spain, 1951), D. Phil. (Oxford University) and Ph.D. (Universidad Complutense, Madrid), Professor of Economic History and Researcher at the Figuerola Institute at Universidad Carlos III, Madrid. He is also a Research Fellow at the Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR), a Research Associate at the Centre for Competitive Advantage in the Global…  [Read more…]

Historical Index of Economic Liberty

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Dynamic Map HIEL Evolution (1850-2007)

HIEL by Regions

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Dynamic Map HIEL Evolution (1850-2007)

HIEL by Countries

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Composition Chart and data Tables

HIEL Dimensions

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Comparision Chart and data Tables

HIEL Composition by Countries

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Composition Chart and data Tables

Methodology (Sources and Procedures)

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Four dimensions of economic freedom are distinguished: legal structure and security of property rights, value of money, freedom to trade internationally, and regulation…  [Read more…]

Downloads

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HIEL Data Base. Download Historical Index of Economic Liberty tables (Excel)